Below is a listing of the most important Galapagos Islands and some general details about the size and species that can be found on each. 1.Baltra (South Seymour) Island - Also known as South Seymour, Baltra is an isolated, flat island located in the middle of Galpagos. Baltra Airport is one of the two airports. Private planes can fly to Baltra since it's the only airport that has facilities for overnight flights of planes. A small island accommodates boats that await passengers on the cruises in the Galapagos. 2. Bartolome (Bartholomew) Island - A volcanic island located off the coast to the east of Santiago Island. The island is among those "younger" islands. It is one of the few that are where you can see penguins. Galapagos penguin, the sole wild penguin to reside near the Equator. Green turtles are also found in the area. 3. Darwin (Culpepper) Island - named after Charles Darwin. It covers 1.1 square kilometers. Fur seals, frigates swallow-tailed gulls as well as whales, sea lions marine turtles, as well as red-footed and Nazca bobies are seen in this area. Visit:- https://www.idcgili.com/ 4. Espanola (Hood) Island - named to honor Spain and also referred to as Hood in honor of the Viscount Samuel Hood. It's 60 square kilometers and is the largest and oldest southerly of all the island (approx 3.5 millions of years). Due to its isolated geographical location, the island is home to numerous in its very own species, including lava lizards as well as mockingbirds, tortoises and mockingbirds. The marine iguanas show distinct red hues during breeding season. This is the only location that the waved albatross can nest. The cliffs of the island provide the perfect spot for birds to fly off to their feeding grounds in the ocean. Espanola has two visitor areas. Gardner Bay for swimming and snorkeling, has a wonderful beach. Punta Suarez has migrant, resident, and endangered wildlife. 5. Ferandina (Narborough) Island - named in honour of the Sultan Ferdinand 11 of Aragon, who was the patron of the expedition of Columbus. A total area of 642 square kilometers. The smallest and largest island. Many marine iguanas congregate mostly on black lava rocks. The famous flightless cormorants live on the island, along with Galapagos penguins as well as pelicans. Galapagos sea lions as well as Galapagos fur seals. There are mangrove forests and lava flows. 6. Floreana (Charles as well as Santa Maria) Island - named after Juan Jose Flores, the first president of Ecuador. It covers 173 square miles. It was the first island to be settled. Flamingos and green sea turtles live at the end of the island. There is also the Galapagos petrel, a marine bird, can be found here. In Post Office Bay, whalers maintained a wooden barrel which was used as a postoffice to receive mail. A volcanic cone that was underwater and coral formations are located in"Devil's Crown" "Devil's Crown". 7. Genovesa (Tower) Island - Named in honor of Genoa, Italy where Columbus was born. The area is 14 square kilometers. This island is located at the part of a huge submerged crater. The island is dubbed "bird island" for the numerous rare birds that are seen on the island. There is a huge Palo Santo forest. 8. Isabela (Albemarie) Island - named in honor of Queen Isabela. With a total area of 4,640 square kilometers, it's the biggest island in the Galapagos. The island was formed by the union of six huge volcanoes to form a single land mass. Galapagos penguins, cormorants that fly as well as marine iguanas and pelicans, and Sally lightfoot crabs are plentiful. The island is home to an intriguing lowland forest. The third-largest inhabited island and the only one that has the equator running through it. 9. Marchena (Bindloe) Island - Named in honor of Fray Antonio Marchena, it has an area of around 130 square kilometers. The home of Galapagos sea lions, hawks and the Marchena lava lizard, a native animal. 10. NorthSeymour Island - Named for Lord Hugh Seymour, an English Nobleman. It covers 1.9 square kilometers. It was formed by a geological uplift and is home to a variety of types of species of birds. North Seymour is an extraordinary location to breed birds. 11. Pinzon (Duncan) Island - Named in honor of it's Pinzon brothers, who were captains of the Pinta and Nina sailing vessels The island covers an area that is 18 square kilometers. 12. Pinta (Abingdon) Island - Named in honor of the Pinta sailing shipthat covers sixty square kilometers. Sea predators like lions, Galapagos hawks, giant tortoises, marine iguanas and dolphins can be observed on this island. 13. Rabida (Jervis) Island - named after the church where Columbus abandoned his son in his journey across the Americas. It covers 4.9 square kilometers. The iron contained in the lava lends it its distinctive red hue. Pintail ducks with white cheeks are found in a saltwater lake. A total of nine finches species have been recorded on the island. 14. San Cristobal (Chatham) Island is named after Saint Christopher, the patron saint for sea-farers, St. Christopher. Chatham was named after William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. A total area of 558 square kilometers. The island is home to the frigate bird, sea lions giant tortoises, blue and red-footed boobies and marine iguanas as well as dolphins and swallow-tailed Guillemots. The islands are home to the largest freshwater archipelago lake, Laguna El Junco. It is home to two airports in the island. Puerto Baquerizo Moreno on the island is the capital city of this province, Galapagos.