Being a full-time live-aboard boater is among the most enjoyable, rewarding and fun ways to live that I've come up with. No matter if you're on a lake, river and sound, a bay, or even the ocean, it's time well spent. It's thrilling, challenging and very rewarding, being the able to explore amazing locations and to explore familiar landmarks through new perspective and to make and maintain wonderful friendships while traveling. Our wife Lisa along with me, live on a 45 foot long diesel-powered vessel called Why Knot (a Nelson trawler, known to some as a Thompson or Nelson trolling vessel). It's a nice vessel, but not luxurious. Although there are beautiful boats that end up as more or less weekends getaways or are referred to by boaters to be "floating condos" Our boat was designed as a passage-maker. This is a boat designed to travel locations... distant places. And we have. Since we acquired Why Knot in December of 2011 we have logged over six-thousand-three-hundred miles cruising up the eastern seaboard, the Erie Canal system, the Great Lakes, parts of Ontario, Canada, the western river system, the Gulf of Mexico and back up the eastern seaboard on what is known as The Great Loop. (details on the Great Loop is readily available on the internet) and we've managed this without serious incidents because of poor weather conditions or when we strayed outside of the limitations of the boat as well as her crew, that is our wife and me. Visit:- https://darioitem.info/ We feel fortunate that we have been successful at this project. Boating is an extremely risk-free activity, however it is not completely risk-free. Unfortunately most of the time when we hear about an incident, whether it is a traumatic sailing experience because of taking extreme risks due to the weather and conditions on the water (On many occasions we have encountered newly arrived boaters who say something like, "Oh it was a fantastic day, but we got clobbered by higher waves than we had anticipated". Are you happy with the day? ) And, when an accident results in property damage or, worse of all injuries or even death, most of the time caused by poor planning, judgment or execution. This is also human errors. To this end Lisa and I have come up with an established set of mission guidelines which we make sure to follow. If anything goes in violation we willingly always error in the direction of caution. If the mission's rules do not meet then the mission, if not during the day, will be completed. Mission Rule #1 The National Weather Service is always in the right place. There are many sources of forecasts on weather conditions available. Weather Underground, AccuWeather and the Weather Channel are just a few. Weather Underground, The Weather Channel and AccuWeather are among them, each with their own way of providing weather information to a variety of purposes and each with their particular merits. We've also discovered that there are times when one could cherry pick a forecast from any of these sources that fulfills one's requirements rather than providing a specific and clearly understood statement of the potential risks and benefits of an excursion based on forecasts. So we have decided that the best source for weather or marine predictions is one of them, the National Weather Service. Their information is extensive. Also, it is their data which the other companies create the forecasts they have created for themselves. So why use middlemen? Make use of the source. (To to the merits of Weather Underground they are very enthusiastic in their appreciation and support for the NWS even to the point of lobbying before Congress whenever there is the possibility of discussing some sort of cutbacks to the agency.) Mission Rule #2 2&10 rule The 2&10 rule states the concept of an increased risk threshold is defined when forecast waves are higher than two feet and the forecast sustained wind speeds are higher than ten miles/hour. (We make use of statutes instead of nautical measurements.) Forecast wave heights are complex. However, when I've examined the topic, I've discovered that when a with a height of two feet forecast, this is in fact referring to all possible wave heights from one foot high to up to four feet high. So if the forecast height is three feet, there may be waves as high as 6 feet. A four foot forecast of waves could produce eight foot waves, and the list goes on. Wind speed predictions are more ethereal. Our experience is of the fact that you will always experience winds above the forecasts, and our boat needs special handling considerations especially in tight quarters such as in a marina. While studying NOAA research on sustained winds and gusts I found that when sustained wind speeds are at eight knots or higher (ten statute miles an hour) there is a a 99.6 percent chance for winds gusts and the possibility is that the gust could be more than twice the sustained speeds. The predominant wind direction is an issue we are trying to grasp and incorporate into our regulations. We do know that are not looking for an unsteady sea, as our boat does not perform well when waves are going up the stern of our boat or on the stern quarters (the corners at the rear) and the stern quarters (the rear corners). There's a sub-rule to the 2&10 rulecalled the Add 1&5 rule. This rule is to include one foot in any forecast wave's height and five miles per hour to the forecast wind speed. It is a good sub-rule but it can only be implemented if direct observation shows it to be true. A different sub-rule to this is that typically we prolong our stay after a front passes through to give larger bodies of water a chance to settle down a bit. Mission Rule #3: The 2&10 rule applies to the final destination, but not the beginning or the middle of a journey As mentioned earlier due to the particular way our boat is equipped it is crucial that we enter a location safe and secure after completing a cruise plan. A marina's close-quarter handling can be difficult when the weather is causing things. So we apply this rule more strigently to our destination as a caution so that mission rule #4 is easy to follow. It is also important to take all circumstances into account so that we are prepared to make a secure and steady leave from the point we started for the entire day. Mission Rule #4 Wait, Wait, Wait We believe that an GREAT day is just around the corner, and it always is. Why should you settle for riskier conditions when less risky conditions are in the near future. Mission Rule #5 If it looks iffy, it probably is. We have all sorts of technology available to us for predicting and understanding what a day on the water could be like, like other boaters. But we have learned that being cognizant of what we are seeing by our own eyes is more important. For instance, we try to observe what's happening to other vessels. If they're bobbing around and falling into waves, we will also. We pay close attention to things such as the body language of boaters that arrive the night before a departure. Do they look at ease and relaxed? Do they appear as if they have been through a commercial washer? Calm and rested - good. Agitated and tense - bad. We also pay attention at the surface of the water. In my opinion if it appears that the ocean's surface appears to be breaking, even with low waves, unless there's overwhelming evidence that the situation will slow down (and it must be very large) we'll continue to stay.